The rural world: from liberalism to the Second Republic

The aim of this line of research is the study of the rural world between the Restoration and the Civil War (1936-1939) from multiple perspectives, with the socio-political evolution as common denominator, and establishing a relationship between the Galician, the Spanish and the European spheres in a constant comparative effort. Politics is analysed but not merely in its most classic, limited conception (electoral processes, parties, etc.), but attempting to understand it from the point of view of the political socialisation of the rural population and on the basis of the various political conceptions that were applied in different times. We will not start from a unidirectional top-bottom approach, but from a multidirectional one with constant formal and informal negotiation among the different players.

In the social sphere, we are interested in aspects such as the impact of emigration, the interplay of the identity frameworks of reference (local, regional, Galician, Spanish), everyday conflicts and criminality, the mingling reciprocal influences of traditional and novel forms of cultural dissemination and leisure, religious conceptions, education, and many others. We will assign an outstanding role to the different modes of association.