Civil War, francoism and transition

The period that began with the coup d’état of July 1936, the Civil War and the Francoist Dictatorship has a central place in the political and social history of contemporary Galicia. The most remarkable studies that have been carried out in this field in the last years have stemmed from the HISTAGRA group, particularly with regard to the issue of rearguard repression/violence in the period of the Civil War, the processes of consolidation and/or resistance in relation to the dictatorial regime and, very recently, the conflicts and the mobilisations of late Francoism and the Transition.
Different seminal publications and projects such as Nomes e Voces (‘Names and Voices’) back up the group’s experience as a reference in the studies on mass violence phenomena and historical memory, both at a strictly Galician/Spanish and also an international  level. In addition, the group has generated doctoral theses and published monographs and scientific papers specifically focused on the issue of the constitution of the Francoist regime from an institutional point of view and also from the perspective of the population’s attitudes of assent/consent. Apart from these analyses of the initial decades of Francoism, there is already ongoing research into the late period of the regime, linking the socioeconomic changes in the rural world of the sixties and the seventies with the mobilisations and the conflicts of the political transition to democracy.

The constant renewal of the research carried out in this thematic field makes the group a historiographical reference, as a result of both the novelty of the perspectives provided and the fact that the group’s resources include a vast collection of documentary, oral, written and photographic items from original sources related to these issues.